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Parallel declines in species and genetic diversity driven by anthropogenic disturbance: a multispecies approach in a French Atlantic dune system

  • Frey, David Natural History Museum of Fribourg, Switzerland - Department of Biology and Botanical Garden, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Arrigo, Nils Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Granereau, Gilles Office national des forêts, réseau habitats – flore, Pouillon, France
  • Sarr, Anouk Laboratory of Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Biology, University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • Felber, François Laboratory of Evolutionary Botany, Institute of Biology, University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland - Musée et Jardins botaniques cantonaux, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Kozlowski, Gregor Natural History Museum of Fribourg, Switzerland - Department of Biology and Botanical Garden, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
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    16.01.2016
Published in:
  • Evolutionary Applications. - 2016, vol. 9, no. 3, p. 479-488
English Numerous studies assess the correlation between genetic and species diversities, but the processes underlying the observed patterns have only received limited attention. For instance, varying levels of habitat disturbance across a region may locally reduce both diversities due to extinctions, and increased genetic drift during population bottlenecks and founder events. We investigated the regional distribution of genetic and species diversities of a coastal sand dune plant community along 240 kilometers of coastline with the aim to test for a correlation between the two diversity levels. We further quantify and tease apart the respective contributions of natural and anthropogenic disturbance factors to the observed patterns. We detected significant positive correlation between both variables. We further revealed a negative impact of urbanization: Sites with a high amount of recreational infrastructure within 10 km coastline had significantly lowered genetic and species diversities. On the other hand, a measure of natural habitat disturbance had no effect. This study shows that parallel variation of genetic and species diversities across a region can be traced back to human landscape alteration, provides arguments for a more resolute dune protection, and may help to design priority conservation areas.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Biologie
Language
  • English
Classification
Biological sciences
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/304737
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