Journal article

Formation and Reactivity of [(tacn)-N-CO-Re(III)Br(CO)(2)](+) in Water : a Theoretical and Experimental Study

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  • Inorganic Chemistry. - 2009, vol. 48, no. 11, p. 4963-4970
English The chemistry of [(tacn)-N-CO-Re(III)(CO)(2)Br]X (X = Cl or Br), obtained in good yield from the reaction of fac-[(tacn)Re(I)(CO)(3)]Br (1, tacn = 1,4,7- triazacyclononane) with X(2) in water, is described. The [(tacn)-N-CO-Re(III)(CO) (2)Br]X complex (2 with X = Br(-); 2a with X = BrCl(2)(-)), which we have previously communicated, is characterized by an unusual three-membered ring acyl amide bond. Complex 2 is stable as a solid but is reactive in aqueous solution. Under basic conditions (1 M NaOH), reductive decarbonylation was observed, and the bis-carbonyl complex [(tacn)Re(I)(CO)(2)Br] (3) was obtained in quantitative yield. The Br(-) ligand in 3 could be replaced by CN(-), giving the neutral complex [(tacn)Re(I)(CO)(2)(CN)] (4). In acidic media (1 M HBr), complex 2 partially converted to the monocarbonyl mu- oxo bridged dinuclear complex {[(tacn)Re(III)(CO)Br](2)O}(2+) (5 as [PF(6)](-) salt). Under mild oxidative conditions the trioxo [(tacn)Re(VII)O(3)](ReO(4)(-)) (6) was formed almost quantitatively, and small amounts of the uncommon Re(VI) complex [(tacn)Re(VI)O(2)Br](ReO(4)(-)) (7) were identified. Mechanistic investigations at the density functional level of theory (DFT) showed that the elementary steps in the formation of 2 from 1 and 3 from 2 involved reactions of the complexes with hydroxide. The calculated pathway is strongly exothermic (ca. -137 kcal/mol), confirming the energetically and kinetically highly favored formation of 3. The X-ray structures of 2a and 3-5 are reported and discussed.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Chimie
  • English
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