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A novel study on the inhibitory effect of marine macroalgal extracts on hyphal growth and biofilm formation of candidemia isolates

  • El-Zawawy, Nessma A. Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, 31527, Egypt
  • El-Shenody, Rania A. Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, 31527, Egypt
  • Ali, Sameh S. Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, 31527, Egypt - Biofuels Institute, School of the Environment and Safety Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, China
  • El-Shetehy, Mohamed Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, 31527, Egypt - Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Medicine, University of Fribourg, CH-1700, Fribourg, Switzerland
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    09.06.2020
Published in:
  • Scientific Reports. - 2020, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 9339
English Biofilm formation and hyphal growth are considered to be the most serious virulence factors of Candida species in blood causing candidemia infections, which are difficult to treat due to the spread of resistant Candida isolates to most antifungal drugs. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the effect of different types and concentrations of selected macroalgal extracts from Cladostephus spongiosus (Phaeophyta), Laurencia papillosa (Rhodophyta), and Codium arabicum (Chlorophyta) in inhibiting those virulence factors of the isolated Candida. Acetone extract of C. spongiosus (AECS) showed a stronger anticandidal activity against the selected strains than ethanol extract. Candida krusei was the highest biofilm producer among the selected isolates. AECS showed an inhibition of C. krusei biofilm formation as well as a reduction in the viability of preformed biofilms. Also, AECS reduced various sugars in the candidal exo-polysaccaride layer (EPS). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and light microscopic images revealed an absence of hyphae and an alteration in the morphology of biofilm cells when treated with AECS. Moreover, AECS downregulated the expression of hyphal specific genes, hyphal wall protein 1 (HWP1), Agglutinin-like protein 1 (ALS1) and fourth secreted aspartyl proteinase (SAP4), which confirmed the inhibitory effect of AECS on hyphal growth and biofilm formation. Gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometer (GC-MS) analysis of AECS showed three major compounds, which were non-existent in the ethanol extract, and might be responsible for the anticandidal activity; these revealed compounds were 4- hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pentanone, n-hexadecenoic acid, and phenol, 2-methoxy-4-(2- propenyl). These active compounds of AECS may be promising for future pharmaceutical applications in the treatment of candidemia.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Biologie
Language
  • English
Classification
Biology
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/308721
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