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A novel 3D intestine barrier model to study the immune response upon exposure to microplastics

  • Lehner, Roman Adolphe Merkle Institute, University of Fribourg, Chemin des Verdiers 4, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Wohlleben, Wendel BASF SE, Advanced Materials Research, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany
  • Septiadi, Dedy Adolphe Merkle Institute, University of Fribourg, Chemin des Verdiers 4, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Landsiedel, Robert Experimental Toxicology and Ecology, GV/TB, Z470, BASF SE, Carl‑Bosch‑Str. 38, 67056 Ludwigshafen, Germany
  • Petri-Fink, Alke Adolphe Merkle Institute, University of Fribourg, Chemin des Verdiers 4, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland - Chemistry Department, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Rothen-Rutishauser, Barbara Adolphe Merkle Institute, University of Fribourg, Chemin des Verdiers 4, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
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    19.04.2020
Published in:
  • Archives of Toxicology. - 2020
English The plausibility of human exposure to microplastics has increased within the last years. Microplastics have been found in different food types including seafood, salt, sugar and beverages. So far, human health effects of microplastics after ingestion are unknown. Herein, we designed a novel, three- dimensional in vitro intestinal model consisting of the human intestinal epithelial cell lines Caco-2 and HT29-MTX-E12 as well as human blood monocyte- derived macrophages and dendritic cells that is suitable to assess the possible effects of ingested microplastics. Relevant microplastic particles (in the order of 50–500 µm), including polymers representing tire wear and polyolefins, which represent major sources of microplastic in the EU, were compared to other polymer classes and an inorganic microparticle, healing earth, which is intended for human consumption. Microplastic particles were exposed at concentrations of 823.5–1380.0 µg/cm2 to the model using a dry powder insufflator system to aerosolize the particles directly on the intestinal model’s surface. Cytotoxicity was investigated after 6, 24 and 48 h of exposure via measuring the release of lactate dehydrogenase. Inflammatory end points including the cytokines IL-8, TNFα and IL-1β as well as changes of the barrier integrity after exposure were additionally monitored. We demonstrated that all of the microplastics and the healing earth particles did not cause any significant cytotoxicity or release of (pro-)inflammatory cytokines and did not change the barrier integrity of the co- culture at any of the time points investigated.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Chimie
Language
  • English
Classification
Chemistry
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/308539
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