Journal article

Molecular ecology studies of species radiations: current research gaps, opportunities and challenges

  • Harpe, Marylaure de La Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research, University of Vienna, Austria
  • Paris, Margot Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Karger, Dirk N. Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, University of Zurich, Switzerland
  • Rolland, Jonathan Department of Ecology and Evolution, Biophore, University of Lausanne, Switzerland - Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Kessler, Michael Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, University of Zurich, Switzerland
  • Salamin, Nicolas Department of Ecology and Evolution, Biophore, University of Lausanne, Switzerland - Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Lexer, Christian Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Department of Botany and Biodiversity Research, University of Vienna, Austria
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    28.04.2017
Published in:
  • Molecular Ecology. - 2017, vol. 26, no. 10, p. 2608-2622
English Understanding the drivers and limits of species radiations is a crucial goal of evolutionary genetics and molecular ecology, yet research on this topic has been hampered by the notorious difficulty of connecting micro- and macroevolutionary approaches to studying the drivers of diversification. To chart the current research gaps, opportunities and challenges of molecular ecology approaches to studying radiations, we examine the literature in the journal Molecular Ecology and revisit recent high-profile examples of evolutionary genomic research on radiations. We find that available studies of radiations are highly unevenly distributed among taxa, with many ecologically important and species-rich organismal groups remaining severely understudied, including arthropods, plants and fungi. Most studies employed molecular methods suitable over either short or long evolutionary time scales, such as microsatellites or restriction site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) in the former case and conventional amplicon sequencing of organellar DNA in the latter. The potential of molecular ecology studies to address and resolve patterns and processes around the species level in radiating groups of taxa is currently limited primarily by sample size and a dearth of information on radiating nuclear genomes as opposed to organellar ones. Based on our literature survey and personal experience, we suggest possible ways forward in the coming years. We touch on the potential and current limitations of whole-genome sequencing (WGS) in studies of radiations. We suggest that WGS and targeted (‘capture’) resequencing emerge as the methods of choice for scaling up the sampling of populations, species and genomes, including currently understudied organismal groups and the genes or regulatory elements expected to matter most to species radiations.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Biologie
Language
  • English
Classification
Biological sciences
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/305418
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