Journal article

The Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study (COPS): the scientific strategy, the field phase, and research highlights

  • Wulfmeyer, Volker Institute of Physics and Meteorology (IPM), University of Hohenheim (UHOH), Stuttgart, Germany
  • Behrendt, Andreas Institute of Physics and Meteorology (IPM), University of Hohenheim (UHOH), Stuttgart, Germany
  • Kottmeier, Christoph Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Corsmeier, Ulrich Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Barthlott, Christian Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Craig, George C. Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre (IPA), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
  • Hagen, Martin Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre (IPA), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
  • Althausen, Dietrich Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
  • Aoshima, Fumiko Institute of Physics and Meteorology (IPM), University of Hohenheim (UHOH), Stuttgart, Germany
  • Arpagaus, Marco MeteoSwiss, Zurich, Switzerland
  • Bauer, Hans-Stefan Institute of Physics and Meteorology (IPM), University of Hohenheim (UHOH), Stuttgart, Germany
  • Bennett, Lindsay School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, UK
  • Blyth, Alan School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, UK
  • Brandau, Christine Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
  • Champollion, Cédric Géosciences Montpellier, CNRS, Université Montpellier II, France
  • Crewell, Susanne Institute for Geophysics and Meteorology, University of Cologne, Germany
  • Dick, Galina Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Germany
  • Girolamo, Paolo Di Dipartimento di Ingegneria e Fisica dell'Ambiente (DIFA), Università della Basilicata (UNIBAS), Potenza, Italy
  • Dorninger, Manfred Department of Meteorology and Geophysics, University of Vienna, Austria
  • Dufournet, Yann Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
  • Eigenmann, Rafael Department of Micrometeorology, University of Bayreuth, Germany
  • Engelmann, Ronny Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
  • Flamant, Cyrille Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales, CNRS/UPMC/UVSQ, Paris, France
  • Foken, Thomas Department of Micrometeorology, University of Bayreuth, Germany
  • Gorgas, Theresa Department of Meteorology and Geophysics, University of Vienna, Austria
  • Grzeschik, Matthias Institute of Physics and Meteorology (IPM), University of Hohenheim (UHOH), Stuttgart, Germany - Water - Earth System Science Research Institute, Tübingen, Germany
  • Handwerker, Jan Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Hauck, Christian Department of Geosciences, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Höller, Hartmut Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre (IPA), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
  • Junkermann, Wolfgang Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), IMK-IFU, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany
  • Kalthoff, Norbert Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Kiemle, Christoph Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre (IPA), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
  • Klink, Stefan Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD, German Meteorological Service), Offenbach, Germany
  • König, Marianne EUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany
  • Krauss, Liane Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Long, Charles N. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, USA
  • Madonna, Fabio Istituto di Metodologie per l'Analisi Ambientale, CNR—IMAA, Potenza, Italy
  • Mobbs, Stephen School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, UK
  • Neininger, Bruno METAIR AG, Hausen am Albis, Switzerland
  • Pal, Sandip Institute of Physics and Meteorology (IPM), University of Hohenheim (UHOH), Stuttgart, Germany
  • Peters, Gerhard Institute of Meteorology, University of Hamburg, Germany
  • Pigeon, Grégoire CNRM-GAME, Météo-France-CNRS, Toulouse, France
  • Richard, Evelyne Laboratoire d'Aérologie, CNRS and University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
  • Rotach, Mathias W. MeteoSwiss, Zurich, Switzerland - Institute for Meteorology and Geophysics, University of Innsbruck, Austria
  • Russchenberg, Herman Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
  • Schwitalla, Thomas Institute of Physics and Meteorology (IPM), University of Hohenheim (UHOH), Stuttgart, Germany
  • Smith, Victoria School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, UK
  • Steinacker, Reinhold Department of Meteorology and Geophysics, University of Vienna, Austria
  • Trentmann, Jörg Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD, German Meteorological Service), Offenbach, Germany
  • Turner, David D. Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University of Wisconsin—Madison, USA
  • Baelen, Joel van Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique, Université Blaise Pascal, Clermont-Ferrand, France
  • Vogt, Siegfried Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Volkert, Hans Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre (IPA), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
  • Weckwerth, Tammy National Center of Atmospheric Research (NCAR), Boulder, CO, USA
  • Wernli, Heini Institute for Atmospheric and Climate Science, ETH Zurich, Switzerland
  • Wieser, Andreas Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Wirth, Martin Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR), Institut für Physik der Atmosphäre (IPA), Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
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    23.02.2011
Published in:
  • Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. - 2011, vol. 137, no. S1, p. 1–348
English Within the framework of the international field campaign COPS (Convective and Orographically-induced Precipitation Study), a large suite of state-of-the-art meteorological instrumentation was operated, partially combined for the first time. This includes networks of in situ and remote-sensing systems such as the Global Positioning System as well as a synergy of multi-wavelength passive and active remote-sensing instruments such as advanced radar and lidar systems. The COPS field phase was performed from 01 June to 31 August 2007 in a low-mountain area in southwestern Germany/eastern France covering the Vosges mountains, the Rhine valley and the Black Forest mountains. The collected data set covers the entire evolution of convective precipitation events in complex terrain from their initiation, to their development and mature phase until their decay. Eighteen Intensive Observation Periods with 37 operation days and eight additional Special Observation Periods were performed, providing a comprehensive data set covering different forcing conditions. In this article, an overview of the COPS scientific strategy, the field phase, and its first accomplishments is given. Highlights of the campaign are illustrated with several measurement examples. It is demonstrated that COPS research provides new insight into key processes leading to convection initiation and to the modification of precipitation by orography, in the improvement of quantitative precipitation forecasting by the assimilation of new observations, and in the performance of ensembles of convection-permitting models in complex terrain.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Géosciences
Language
  • English
Classification
Earth sciences
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/301944
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