Journal article

Rapid meropenem/vaborbactam NP test for detecting susceptibility/resistance in Enterobacterales

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  • 2023
Published in:
  • Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. - Oxford, UK : Oxford University Press. - 2023, vol. 78, no. 10, p. 1-7
English Background: The treatment options for infections caused by carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) are extremely scarce nowadays and the development of new antibiotics does not follow the exponential increase in the dissemination of carbapenem resistance determinants worldwide. Meropenem/vaborbactam was recently approved for clinical use and it has been indicated for treating several infections. Although relatively rare, meropenem/vaborbactam resistance has already been reported in Enterobacterales and its early detection could be a valuable tool for faster clinical decision-making.

Objectives: To develop a rapid test, namely the Rapid MEV NP, for the identification of meropenem/vaborbactam resistance in Enterobacterales.

Methods: The Rapid MEV NP test is based on detection of glucose metabolization occurring upon bacterial growth in the presence of meropenem/vaborbactam at a concentration of 16/8 mg/L. Bacterial growth is detectable by a colour change of phenol red (from red to yellow) subsequent of the acidification of the medium upon bacterial growth. A total of 75 Enterobacterales isolates were randomly selected for evaluating the performance of the Rapid MEV NP test.

Results: The test showed 97.2% sensitivity and 93.8% specificity when compared with the reference method. The results are obtained after 3 h of incubation at 35°C ± 2°C, which is a gain of time of at least 15 h (one day in practice) compared with currently used antimicrobial susceptibility testing including broth microdilution methods.

Conclusions: The Rapid MEV NP test, easy to perform and to interpret, showed remarkable performance while providing fast results, and is therefore suitable for implementation in routine clinical microbiology laboratories.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Médecine
Language
  • English
Classification
Medicine
License
CC BY
Open access status
hybrid
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/328449
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