Journal article

From homemakers to breadwinners? How mandatory kindergarten affects maternal labour market outcomes


  • Gangl, Selina University of Fribourg (Switzerland)
  • Huber, Martin ORCID University of Fribourg (Switzerland), Center for Econometrics and Business Analytics, St. Petersburg State University
  • 2022
Published in:
  • arXiv:2111.14524v3. - 2022, p. 1-59
English We analyse the effect of mandatory kindergarten attendance for four-year-old children on maternal labour market outcomes in Switzerland. To determine the causal effect of this policy, we combine two different datasets and quasi-experiments in this paper: Firstly, we investigate a large administrative dataset and apply a non-parametric regression discontinuity design (RDD) to evaluate the effect of the reform at the birthday cut-off for entering the kindergarten in the same versus in the following year. Secondly, we complement this analysis by exploiting spatial variation and staggered treatment implementation of the reform across cantons (administrative units in Switzerland) in a difference-in differences (DiD) approach based on a household survey. All in all, the results suggest that if anything, mandatory kindergarten increases the labour market outcomes of mothers very moderately. The effects are driven by previous non-employed mothers and by older rather than younger mothers.
Faculté des sciences économiques et sociales et du management
Département d'économie politique
  • English
License undefined
Persistent URL

Document views: 4 File downloads:
  • From Homemakers to breadwinners_How mandatory kindergarten affects maternal labour market outcomes_March2022.pdf: 1