Journal article

Tectonics of the Western Internal Jura fold-and-thrust belt: 2D kinematic forward modelling


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  • 11.07.2023
Published in:
  • Swiss Journal of Geosciences. - Springer Science and Business Media LLC. - 2023, vol. 116, no. 1
English The balancing technique, called 2D kinematic forward modelling, is a powerful tool to understand the kinematic evolution of fold-and-thrust belts. This study presents a new 2D kinematic forward model for the westernmost Internal Jura fold-and-thrust belt (FTB), situated immediately adjacent to the Geneva Basin. The technique used not only provides a new valid balanced cross-section but also offers new insights regarding the kinematic evolution of the Western Internal Jura FTB. Our model proposes a pure thin-skinned style dominated by forward stepping deformation accompanied by minor back-stepping thrust sequences. A first deformation step is attributed to the thrusting of the Crêt de la Neige Anticline, followed by the Crêt Chalam Thrust and its imbrications. This is followed by thrusting along the Tacon and the Bienne thrusts. Imbricate fault-bend folding explains the steep southern limb of the Crêt de la Neige and the Bellecombe anticlines. 2D kinematic forward modelling yields a total amount of shortening by 23.6 km for the Western Internal Jura FTB. In addition to the primary décollement located at the base of the Keuper Group evaporites, three other décollements are found within the marly layers of the Aalenian “faciès de transition” units, the Oxfordian “Couches d’Effingen-Geissberg” members and the Berriasian Goldberg formation. The multiple thrust horizon approach is supported by new precise seismic interpretations. Our model provides a valid alternative to previous models that either propose local thickening of the Triassic evaporites or inversion of normal faults in the basement. This fully explains the elevated position of the Mesozoic cover in the Jura FTB.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Géosciences
  • English
Open access status
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