Journal article

Targeted Functionalization of Cyclic Ether Solvents for Controlled Reactivity in High-Voltage Lithium Metal Batteries


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  • 27.06.2023
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  • ACS Energy Letters. - American Chemical Society (ACS). - 2023, vol. 8, no. 30, p. 3180-3187
English Understanding the degradation pathways and reactivity of electrolytes is the key to address the shortcomings of conventional electrolytes and to develop new electrolytes for high-voltage lithium metal batteries (LMBs). Accordingly, while 1,3-dioxolane (DOL) exhibits desired features such as good compatibility with Li metal, low viscosity, and high ionic conductivity, it suffers from poor oxidation stability, mainly from its ring-opening polymerization. In an effort to control the reactivity of DOL by tuning its electronic properties, we introduced methyl and trifluoromethyl groups to the ethyl moiety of DOL and developed 4-methyl-1,3-dioxolane (MDOL) and 4-(trifluoromethyl)-1,3-dioxolane (TFDOL) as solvents, respectively. Whereas the MDOL-based electrolyte exhibited serious side reactions toward metallic Li, the TFDOL-based electrolyte showed oxidation stability up to 5.0 V. Moreover, the inorganic-rich solid electrolyte interphase induced by the weak solvation power of TFDOL along with high oxidation stability enabled a robust cycling stability in a Li|NCM811 full cell (20 μm Li foil, N/P ratio of 2.5).
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Chimie
  • English
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