Journal article

Magnetically Guided Synthesis of Anisotropic Porous Carbons toward Efficient CO2 Capture and Magnetic Separation of Oil


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  • 20.04.2023
Published in:
  • ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. - American Chemical Society (ACS). - 2023, vol. 15, no. 17, p. 21394-21402
English Conventional synthetic strategies do not allow one to impart structural anisotropy into porous carbons, thus leading to limited control over their textural properties. While structural anisotropy alters the mechanical properties of materials, it also introduces an additional degree of directionality to increase the pore connectivity and thus the flux in the designed direction. Accordingly, in this work the structure of porous carbons prepared from resorcinol–formaldehyde gels has been rendered anisotropic by integrating superparamagnetic colloids to the sol–gel precursor solution and by applying a uniform magnetic field during the sol–gel transition, which enables the self-assembly of magnetic colloids into chainlike structures to template the growth of the gel phase. Notably, the anisotropic pore structure is maintained upon pyrolysis of the gel, leading to hierarchically porous carbon monoliths with tunable structure and porosities. With an advantage granted to anisotropic materials, these porous carbons showed higher porosity, a higher CO2 uptake capacity of 3.45 mmol g–1 at 273 K at 1.1 bar, and faster adsorption kinetics compared to the ones synthesized in the absence of magnetic field. Moreover, these materials were also used as magnetic sorbents with fast adsorption kinetics for efficient oil-spill cleanup and retrieved easily by using an external magnetic field.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Chimie
  • English
Analytical chemistry
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