Book chapter

A Pagan Temple, a Martyr Shrine, and a Synagogue in Daphne : Sharing Religious Sites in Fourth Century Antioch


  • 2021
Published in:
  • Geographies of Encounter: The Rise and Fall of Multi-Religious Spaces / Burchardt, Marian ; Giorda, Maria Chiara. - Malden, MA: Palgrave. - 2021, p. 1-28
English During the late fourth century CE, Daphne near Antioch in Roman Syria was a place of both cohabitation and confrontation between various religious groups and contributed to the construction of their religious identity. In 351-352, the corpse of a Christian martyr named Babylas was buried near the famous temple of Apollo. Some 10 years later, the emperor Julian had the body sent away on the ground that it impeded the pagan cult, hoping that its disappearance would cause Apollo to return. However, the famous Christian preacher John Chrysostom argued that the power of the martyr lingered in Daphne even after his coffin was removed, thus asserting the supremacy of Christianity over the pagan god. While trying to verbally christianize Daphne’s space, Chrysostom also disparaged the local synagogue, even though it was a popular spot for local Christians and may have been dedicated to Biblical figures who were also worshipped by them. He did so to enforce the spatial and theological boundaries between Jews and Christians.
Faculté des lettres et des sciences humaines
Département d'histoire
  • English
Ancient history
License undefined
Open access status
Persistent URL

Document views: 134 File downloads:
  • attali_2022_temple.pdf: 86