Journal article

Mechanism of cystathionine-β-synthase inhibition by disulfiram : The role of bis(N,N-diethyldithiocarbamate)-copper(II)

  • Zuhra, Karim Chair of Pharmacology, Department of Science and Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Panagaki, Theodora Chair of Pharmacology, Department of Science and Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Randi, Elisa B. Chair of Pharmacology, Department of Science and Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Augsburger, Fiona Chair of Pharmacology, Department of Science and Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Blondel, Marc Inserm UMR 1078, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences de la Santé, Etablissement Français du Sang (EFS) Bretagne, CHRU Brest, Hôpital Morvan, Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire, Brest, France
  • Friocourt, Gaelle Inserm UMR 1078, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences de la Santé, Etablissement Français du Sang (EFS) Bretagne, CHRU Brest, Hôpital Morvan, Laboratoire de Génétique Moléculaire, Brest, France
  • Herault, Yann Université de Strasbourg, CNRS, INSERM, Institut de Génétique et de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire (IGBMC), 1 Rue Laurent Fries, 67404 Illkirch, France
  • Szabo, Csaba Chair of Pharmacology, Department of Science and Medicine, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland
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    01.12.2020
Published in:
  • Biochemical Pharmacology. - 2020, vol. 182, p. 114267
English Background: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenous mammalian gasotransmitter. Cystathionine β-synthase (CBS), cystathionine γ-lyase (CSE) and 3- mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3-MST) are the principal enzymes responsible for its biogenesis. A recent yeast screen suggested that disulfiram (a well-known inhibitor of aldehyde dehydrogenase and a clinically used drug in the treatment of alcoholism) may inhibit CBS in a cell-based environment. However, prior studies have not observed any direct inhibition of CBS by disulfiram. We investigated the potential role of bioconversion of disulfiram to bis(N,N-diethyldithiocarbamate)-copper(II) complex (CuDDC) in the inhibitory effect of disulfiram on H2S production and assessed its effect in two human cell types with high CBS expression: HCT116 colon cancer cells and Down syndrome (DS) fibroblasts.Methods: H2S production from recombinant human CBS, CSE and 3-MST was measured using the fluorescent H2S probe AzMC. Mouse liver homogenate (a rich source of CBS) was also employed to measure H2S biosynthesis. The interaction of copper with accessible protein cysteine residues was evaluated using the DTNB method. Cell proliferation and viability were measured using the BrdU and MTT methods. Cellular bioenergetics was evaluated by Extracellular Flux Analysis.Results: While disulfiram did not exert any significant direct inhibitory effect on any of the H2S-producing enzymes, its metabolite, CuDDC was a potent inhibitor of CBS and CSE. The mode of its action is likely related to the complexed copper molecule. In cell-based systems, the effects of disulfiram were variable. In colon cancer cells, no significant effect of disulfiram was observed on H2S production or proliferation or viability. In contrast, in DS fibroblasts, disulfiram inhibited H2S production and improved proliferation and viability. Copper, on its own, failed to have any effects on either cell type, likely due to its low cell penetration. CuDDC inhibited H2S production in both cell types studied and exerted the functional effects that would be expected from a CBS inhibitor: inhibition of cell proliferation of cancer cells and a bell-shaped effect (stimulation of proliferation at low concentration and inhibition of these responses at higher concentration) in DS cells. Control experiments using a chemical H2S donor showed that, in addition to inhibiting CBS and CSE, part of the biological effects of CuDDC relates to a direct reaction with H2S, which occurs through its complexed copper.Conclusions: Disulfiram, via its metabolite CuDDC acts as an inhibitor of CBS and a scavenger of H2S, which, in turn, potently suppresses H2S levels in various cell types. Inhibition of H2S biosynthesis may explain some of the previously reported actions of disulfiram and CuDDC in vitro and in vivo. Disulfiram or CuDDC may be considered as potential agents for the experimental therapy of various pathophysiological conditions associated with H2S overproduction.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Médecine 3ème année
Language
  • English
Classification
Biology
License
License undefined
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Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/309181
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