Doctoral thesis

French Sufi theopolitics : on the appropriation of the Akbarian concepts of God’s unity, law and perfect man by French modern perennialists


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Thèse de doctorat: Université de Fribourg, 2020

English This dissertation examines the reception of the Andalusian Sufi Ibn ‘Arabī (1165- 1240) by major Francophone Perennialist intellectuals of the twentieth century through an analysis of how they have integrated his teachings into their theopolitical views. The works of René Guénon (1888- 1951), Michel Valsan (1911-1974) and Henry Corbin (1903-1978) are here discussed in light of their appropriation of Ibn‘Arabī 's views on God's Unity, the Law and the Perfect Man. In addition, this research also considers the historical reasons why the rector of Al Azhar ‘Abd al-Halīm Mahmūd (1910- 1978) has stamped Guénon and Valsan’s philosophical views with the label “Islamic Orthodoxy.” In showing the main differences between the earliest systematization of Ibn‘Arabī's theopolitical insights by his immediate heir Sadr ud-dīn Qūnawī (1209-1274) and those undertaken by French Sufi Perennialists, this study traces the early modern genealogies of the French Sufi Perennialist episteme (popular Spinozism, post-Sabbatianism, and the Martinist interpretation of the Christian Kabbalah). Finally, this dissertation clarifies the process by which the French Sufi Perennialist Doctrine feminizes both Judaism and Islam in order for the latter to symbolically fit the masculine teachings of a neo-Hindu interpretation of the Advaita Vedanta.
Faculté des lettres et des sciences humaines
  • English
Social sciences
  • Ressource en ligne consultée le 10.12.2020
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