Journal article

Tissue-specific transcription footprinting using RNA PoI DamID (RAPID) in Caenorhabditis elegans

  • Gómez-Saldivar, Georgina Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Fribourg 1700, Switzerland
  • Osuna-Luque, Jaime Cell Fate and Nuclear Organization, Institute of Cell Biology, University of Bern, 3012, Switzerland - IGBMC, DBSC Dept/INSERM U1258/CNRS UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67400 France - Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences, University of Bern, 3012, Switzerland
  • Semple, Jennifer I. Cell Fate and Nuclear Organization, Institute of Cell Biology, University of Bern, 3012, Switzerland
  • Glauser, Dominique A. Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Fribourg 1700, Switzerland
  • Jarriault, Sophie IGBMC, DBSC Dept/INSERM U1258/CNRS UMR7104/Université de Strasbourg, 67400 France
  • Meister, Peter Cell Fate and Nuclear Organization, Institute of Cell Biology, University of Bern, 3012, Switzerland
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    01.12.2020
Published in:
  • Genetics. - 2020, vol. 216, no. 4, p. 931–945
English Differential gene expression across cell types underlies development and cell physiology in multicellular organisms. Caenorhabditis elegans is a powerful, extensively used model to address these biological questions. A remaining bottleneck relates to the difficulty to obtain comprehensive tissue-specific gene transcription data, since available methods are still challenging to execute and/or require large worm populations. Here, we introduce the RNA Polymerase DamID (RAPID) approach, in which the Dam methyltransferase is fused to a ubiquitous RNA polymerase subunit to create transcriptional footprints via methyl marks on the DNA of transcribed genes. To validate the method, we determined the polymerase footprints in whole animals, in sorted embryonic blastomeres and in different tissues from intact young adults by driving tissue-specific Dam fusion expression. We obtained meaningful transcriptional footprints in line with RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) studies in whole animals or specific tissues. To challenge the sensitivity of RAPID and demonstrate its utility to determine novel tissue-specific transcriptional profiles, we determined the transcriptional footprints of the pair of XXX neuroendocrine cells, representing 0.2% of the somatic cell content of the animals. We identified 3901 candidate genes with putatively active transcription in XXX cells, including the few previously known markers for these cells. Using transcriptional reporters for a subset of new hits, we confirmed that the majority of them were expressed in XXX cells and identified novel XXX-specific markers. Taken together, our work establishes RAPID as a valid method for the determination of RNA polymerase footprints in specific tissues of C. elegans without the need for cell sorting or RNA tagging.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Biologie
Language
  • English
Classification
Biology
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/308972
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