Journal article

Metal nanoparticle–microbe interactions: synthesis and antimicrobial effects

  • Khan, Mujeebur R. Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh 202002 India
  • Fromm, Katharina M. Department of Chemistry, University of Fribourg Chemin du Musée 9 Fribourg 1700 Switzerland
  • Rizvi, Tanveer F. Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh 202002 India
  • Giese, Bernd Department of Chemistry, University of Fribourg Chemin du Musée 9 Fribourg 1700 Switzerland
  • Ahamad, Faheem Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh 202002 India
  • Turner, Raymond J. Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Calgary Calgary Alberta T2N1N4 Canada
  • Füeg, Michael Chemical Engineering Department, University of Alcalá Alcalá de Henares 28871 Spain
  • Marsili, Enrico Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Nazarbayev University 53 Kabanbay Batyr Avenue Nur‐Sultan 010000 Kazakhstan
Show more…
    01.05.2020
Published in:
  • Particle & Particle Systems Characterization. - 2020, vol. 37, no. 5, p. 1900419
English Metal nanoparticles (NPs), chalcogenides, and carbon quantum dots can be easily synthesized from whole microorganisms (fungi and bacteria) and cell‐free sterile filtered spent medium. The particle size distribution and the biosynthesis time can be somewhat controlled through the biomass/metal solution ratio. The biosynthetic mechanism can be explained through the ion‐reduction theory and UV photoconversion theory. Formation of biosynthetic NPs is part of the detoxification strategy employed by microorganisms, either in planktonic or biofilm form, to reduce the chemical toxicity of metal ions. In fact, most reports on NP biosynthesis show extracellular metal ion reduction. This is important for environmental and industrial applications, particularly in biofilms, as it allows in principle high biosynthetic rates. The antimicrobial and antifungal effect on biosynthetic NPs can be explained in terms of reactive oxygen species and can be enhanced by the capping agents attached to the NP during the biosynthesis process. Industrial applications of NP biosynthesis are still lagging, due to the difficulty of controlling NP size and low titer. Further, the environmental assessment of biosynthetic NPs has not yet been carried out. It is expected that further advancements in biosynthetic NP research will lead to applications, particularly in environmental biotechnology.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Chimie
Language
  • English
Classification
Chemistry
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/308650
Statistics

Document views: 6 File downloads:
  • fro_mnp.pdf: 14