Journal article

Changes in spinal and corticospinal excitability in patients with chronic ankle instability: a systematic review with meta-analysis

  • Kim, Kyung-Min Department of Kinesiology and Sport Sciences, University of Miami, USA
  • Kim, Joo-Sung Department of Kinesiology and Sport Sciences, University of Miami, USA
  • Cruz-Díaz, David Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Spain
  • Ryu, Seungho Health and Sport Analytics Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, USA
  • Kang, Minsoo Health and Sport Analytics Laboratory, Department of Health, Exercise Science and Recreation Management, The University of Mississippi, University, USA
  • Taube, Wolfgang Department of Neurosciences and Movement Sciences, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
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    2019
Published in:
  • Journal of Clinical Medicine. - 2019, vol. 8, no. 7, p. 1037
English The objective of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to determine alterations in spinal and corticospinal excitability of ankle muscles in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI) compared to uninjured controls. Independent researchers performed comprehensive literature searches of electronic databases and included studies that compared groups with and without CAI and investigated neural excitability with Hoffmann reflex (H-reflex) and/or transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). A fixed-effect meta-analysis was conducted to determine group differences for (1) soleus and fibularis maximal H-reflex (Hmax)/maximal M-wave (Mmax)-ratios, and (2) soleus and fibularis longus cortical motor thresholds (CMTs). Seventeen studies were included in the current meta-analysis. They showed that the Hmax/Mmax-ratios of the soleus and the fibularis longus in the CAI group were significantly lower than those in the uninjured control group (soleus: d = −0.41, p < 0.001; fibularis longus: d = −0.27, p = 0.04). There was no evidence for changes in the CMT. This systematic review is the first to demonstrate evidence that patients with CAI present decreased spinal reflex excitability in the soleus and fibularis longus. However, there is no evidence of changes in supraspinal excitability when considering only the CMT. The latter result needs to be interpreted with caution as all except one study demonstrate some changes at the supraspinal level with CAI.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Médecine
Language
  • English
Classification
Sports sciences
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/308191
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