Journal article

Fast and automatic assessment of fall risk by coupling machine learning algorithms with a depth camera to monitor simple balance tasks

  • Dubois, Amandine Department of Neurosciences & Movement Sciences, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Mouthon, Audrey Department of Neurosciences & Movement Sciences, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Sivagnanaselvam, Ranjith Steve Department of Neurosciences & Movement Sciences, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Bresciani, Jean-Pierre Department of Neurosciences & Movement Sciences, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Grenoble Alpes University, Grenoble, France
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    11.06.2019
Published in:
  • Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. - 2019, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 71
English Falls in the elderly constitute a major health issue associated to population ageing. Current clinical tests evaluating fall risk mostly consist in assessing balance abilities. The devices used for these tests can be expensive or inconvenient to set up. We investigated whether, how and to which extent fall risk could be assessed using a low cost ambient sensor to monitor balance tasks.Method: Eighty four participants, forty of which were 65 or older, performed eight simple balance tasks in front of a Microsoft Kinect sensor. Custom-made algorithms coupled to the Kinect sensor were used to automatically extract body configuration parameters such as body centroid and dispersion. Participants were then classified in two groups using a clustering method. The clusters were formed based on the parameters measured by the sensor for each balance task. For each participant, fall risk was independently assessed using known risk factors as age and average physical activity, as well as the participant’s performance on the Timed Up and Go clinical test.Results: Standing with a normal stance and the eyes closed on a foam pad, and standing with a narrow stance and the eyes closed on regular ground were the two balance tasks for which the classification’s outcome best matched fall risk as assessed by the three known risk factors. Standing on a foam pad with eyes closed was the task driving to the most robust results.Conclusion: Our method constitutes a simple, fast, and reliable way to assess fall risk more often with elderly people. Importantly, this method requires very little space, time and equipment, so that it could be easily and frequently used by a large number of health professionals, and in particular by family physicians. Therefore, we believe that the use of this method would substantially contribute to improve fall prevention.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Médecine
Language
  • English
Classification
Medicine
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/308003
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