Journal article

Vitis methods to understand and develop strategies for diagnosis and sustainable control of grapevine trunk diseases

  • Reis, P. Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal
  • Pierron, R. Department of Plant Pathology, Stellenbosch University, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa
  • Larignon, P. Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin Pôle Rhône-Méditerranée, France, 7 avenue Cazeaux, Rodilhan 30230, France
  • Lecomte, P. UMR Santé et agroécologie du vignoble, INRA-Bordeaux Sciences Agro, 71 avenue Edouard Bourlaux, CS 20032, 33882 Villenave d’Ornon, France
  • Abou-Mansour, Eliane Université de Fribourg, Département de Biologie, rue du Musée 10, 1700 Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Farine, S. Université Haute-Alsace, Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologie et Environnement EA 3991, 33 rue Herrlisheim, 68008 Colmar cedex, France
  • Bertsch, C. Université Haute-Alsace, Laboratoire Vigne Biotechnologie et Environnement EA 3991, 33 rue Herrlisheim, 68008 Colmar cedex, France
  • Jacques, A. Ecole d’Ingénieurs de Purpan, 75 voie du Toec, BP57611, 31076 Toulouse cedex 3, France
  • Trotel-Aziz, P. SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, RIBP EA 4707, BP 1039, 51687 Reims Cedex 2, France
  • Rego, C. Linking Landscape, Environment, Agriculture and Food, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal
  • Fontaine, F. SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417, Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne, RIBP EA 4707, BP 1039, 51687 Reims Cedex 2, France
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    10.03.2019
Published in:
  • Phytopathology. - 2019, vol. 109, no. 6, p. 916–931
English Vitis vinifera is affected by many diseases every year, depending on causal agents, susceptibility of cultivars, and climate region. Some are caused by a single agent, such as gray mold caused by Botrytis cinerea or powdery mildew caused by Erysiphe necator. Others result from the actions of a complex of pathogens such as grapevine trunk diseases (GTDs). GTDs are presently among the most devastating diseases in viticulture worldwide because both the economic losses and the long-term sustainability of vineyards are strongly affected. The complexity of GTDs results from the diversity of associated fungi, the undetermined period of latency within the vine (asymptomatic status), the erratic foliar symptom expression from one year to the next, and, probably correlated with all of these points, the lack of efficient strategies to control them. Distinct methods can be beneficial to improve our knowledge of GTDs. In vitro bioassays with cell suspensions, calli, foliar discs, full leaves, or plantlets, and in vivo natural bioassays with cuttings, grafted plants in the greenhouse, or artificially infected ones in the vineyard, can be applied by using progressive integrative levels of in vitro and in vivo, depending on the information searched. In this review, the methods available to understand GTDs are described in terms of experimental procedures, main obtained results, and deliverable prospects. The advantages and disadvantages of each model are also discussed.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Biologie
Language
  • English
Classification
Biology
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/307881
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