Journal article

Permafrost is warming at a global scale

  • Biskaborn, Boris K. Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam 14473, Germany
  • Smith, Sharon L. Geological Survey of Canada, Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa ON-K1A 0E8, Canada
  • Noetzli, Jeannette WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Davos CH-7260, Switzerland
  • Matthes, Heidrun Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam 14473, Germany
  • Vieira, Gonçalo CEG/IGOT, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon 1600-276, Portugal
  • Streletskiy, Dmitry A. George Washington University, Washington DC 20052, USA
  • Schoeneich, Philippe Institut de Géographie Alpine, Grenoble F-38100, France
  • Romanovsky, Vladimir E. University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks AK-99775, USA
  • Lewkowicz, Antoni G. University of Ottawa, Ottawa K1N 6N5, Canada.
  • Abramov, Andrey Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems of Soil Science, RAS, Moscow 142290, Russia
  • Allard, Michel Université Laval, Centre d’études nordiques, Québec G1V 0A6, Canada
  • Boike, Julia Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam 14473, Germany - Humboldt-Universität, Geography Department, Berlin 10099, Germany
  • Cable, William L. Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam 14473, Germany
  • Christiansen, Hanne H. The University Center in Svalbard, Longyearbyen N-9171, Norway
  • Delaloye, Reynald University of Fribourg, Fribourg CH-1700, Switzerland
  • Diekmann, Bernhard Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam 14473, Germany - University of Potsdam, Potsdam 14469, Germany
  • Drozdov, Dmitry Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS, Tyumen 625000, Russia
  • Etzelmüller, Bernd University of Oslo, Department of Geosciences, Oslo N-0316, Norway
  • Grosse, Guido Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam 14473, Germany - University of Potsdam, Potsdam 14469, Germany
  • Guglielmin, Mauro Insubria University, Department of Theoretical and Applied Sciences, Varese 21100, Italy
  • Ingeman-Nielsen, Thomas Technical University of Denmark, Department of Civil Engineering, Kgs. Lyngby DK-2800, Denmark
  • Isaksen, Ketil Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo 0313, Norway
  • Ishikawa, Mamoru Hokkaido University, Sapporo Japan
  • Johansson, Margareta Lund University, Lund 22362, Sweden
  • Johannsson, Halldor Arctic Portal, Akureyri 600, Iceland
  • Joo, Anseok Arctic Portal, Akureyri 600, Iceland
  • Kaverin, Dmitry Komi Science Centre, RAS, Syktyvkar 167972,Russia
  • Kholodov, Alexander University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks AK-99775, USA - Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems of Soil Science, RAS, Moscow 142290, Russia
  • Konstantinov, Pavel Melnikov Permafrost Institute, RAS, Yakutsk 677010, Russia
  • Kröger, Tim Free University Berlin, Geography Department, Berlin 12249, Germany.
  • Lambiel, Christophe University of Lausanne, Lausanne 1015, Switzerland
  • Lanckman, Jean-Pierre Arctic Portal, Akureyri 600, Iceland
  • Luo, Dongliang Northwest Institute of Eco-environment and Resource, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China.
  • Malkova, Galina Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS, Tyumen 625000, Russia
  • Meiklejohn, Ian Rhodes University, Grahamstown 6140, South Africa
  • Moskalenko, Natalia Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS, Tyumen 625000, Russia
  • Oliva, Marc University of Barcelona, Barcelona 08001, Spain
  • Phillips, Marcia WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Davos CH-7260, Switzerland
  • Ramos, Miguel Universidad de Alcalá, Madrid 28801, Spain
  • Sannel, A. Britta K. Stockholm University, Stockholm SE-106 91, Sweden
  • Sergeev, Dmitrii Institute of Environmental Geoscience, RAS, Moscow 101000, Russia
  • Seybold, Cathy National Soil Survey Center, Lincoln NE-68508, USA
  • Skryabin, Pavel Melnikov Permafrost Institute, RAS, Yakutsk 677010, Russia
  • Vasiliev, Alexander Earth Cryosphere Institute, Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS, Tyumen 625000, Russia - Tyumen State University, Tyumen 625003, Russia
  • Wu, Qingbai Northwest Institute of Eco-environment and Resource, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China.
  • Yoshikawa, Kenji University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks AK-99775, USA
  • Zheleznyak, Mikhail Melnikov Permafrost Institute, RAS, Yakutsk 677010, Russia
  • Lantuit, Hugues Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research, Potsdam 14473, Germany - University of Potsdam, Potsdam 14469, Germany
Show more…
    16.01.2019
Published in:
  • Nature Communications. - 2019, vol. 10, no. 1, p. 264
English Permafrost warming has the potential to amplify global climate change, because when frozen sediments thaw it unlocks soil organic carbon. Yet to date, no globally consistent assessment of permafrost temperature change has been compiled. Here we use a global data set of permafrost temperature time series from the Global Terrestrial Network for Permafrost to evaluate temperature change across permafrost regions for the period since the International Polar Year (2007–2009). During the reference decade between 2007 and 2016, ground temperature near the depth of zero annual amplitude in the continuous permafrost zone increased by 0.39 ± 0.15 °C. Over the same period, discontinuous permafrost warmed by 0.20 ± 0.10 °C. Permafrost in mountains warmed by 0.19 ± 0.05 °C and in Antarctica by 0.37 ± 0.10  °C. Globally, permafrost temperature increased by 0.29 ± 0.12 °C. The observed trend follows the Arctic amplification of air temperature increase in the Northern Hemisphere. In the discontinuous zone, however, ground warming occurred due to increased snow thickness while air temperature remained statistically unchanged.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Géosciences
Language
  • English
Classification
Climate
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/307770
Statistics

Document views: 11 File downloads:
  • del_pwg.pdf: 1