Research report

Instrument-based estimation with binarized treatments : issues and tests for the exclusion restriction

    01.02.2018

23

English When estimating local average and marginal treatment effects using instrumental variables (IV), multivalued endogenous treatments are frequently binarized based on a specific threshold in treatment support. However, such binarization introduces a violation of the IV exclusion if (i) the IV affects the multivalued treatment within support areas below and/or above the threshold and (ii) such IV-induced changes in the multivalued treatment affect the outcome. We discuss assumptions that satisfy the IV exclusion restriction with the binarized treatment and permit identifying the average effect of (i) the binarized treatment and (ii) unit-level increases in the original multivalued treatment among specific compliers. We derive testable implications of these assumptions and propose tests, which we apply to the estimation of the returns to (binary) college graduation instrumented by college proximity.
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Faculty
Faculté des sciences économiques et sociales
Language
  • English
Classification
Economics
Other electronic version

Faculté SES

Series statement
  • Working Papers SES ; 492
License
License undefined
Identifiers
  • RERO DOC 306986
  • RERO R008766497
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/306446
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