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The record of Aplodontidae (Rodentia, Mammalia) in the Oligocene and Miocene of the Valley of Lakes (Central Mongolia) with some comments on the morphologic variability

  • Maridet, Olivier JURASSICA MuseumPorrentruy, Switzerland - Department of Geosciences, Earth Sciences, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Daxner-Höck, Gudrun Geologisch-Paläontologische Abt.Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, Austria
  • López-Guerrero, Paloma Geologisch-Paläontologische Abt.Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, Austria - Departamento de Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencias Geológicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain
  • Göhlich, Ursula B. Geologisch-Paläontologische Abt.Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, Vienna, Austria
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  • Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments. - 2017, vol. 97, no. 1, p. 25–49
English The present publication reports new discoveries of Oligocene and early Miocene aplodontid rodents from the Taatsiin Gol area (Valley of Lakes) in Mongolia. The fossil aplodontids recovered in this area are mainly composed of dental remains, some fragmentary jaws plus one partially preserved skull. Aplodontid rodents have been found from the early Oligocene (local biozone A) to the early middle Miocene (local biozone D). Altogether, eight taxa belonging to five genera have been identified in the investigated deposits: Ninamys arboraptus, Ninamys kazimierzi, Promeniscomys cf. sinensis, Prosciurus? mongoliensis and Prosciurus? sp. nov. in the early Oligocene; N. arboraptus, Proansomys badamae sp. nov. and Ansomyinae indet. in the late Oligocene; and Ansomys sp.1 in the early Miocene. In addition, although outside of the topic of the present special issue, one additional taxon, Ansomys sp.2, is reported from the ?middle Miocene. The material of aplodontids is usually relatively scarce in Asian localities. For the first time, with a sample size of 81 specimens, the material from Central Mongolia (mainly from the Oligocene) now allows a more accurate description of the morphological and size variability and resolves some systematic problems. The study of these aplodontids reveals that they are more abundant and diverse in the early Oligocene and that the diversity decreases during the late Oligocene and Miocene. One hypothesis, to explain the opposite diversity trend observed previously for sciurids in the same region, is that both Sciuromorpha families might have competed for the same resources from the early Oligocene to the middle Miocene in Central Mongolia.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Géosciences
  • English
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