Journal article

The ‘when’ and the ‘where’ of single‐trial allocentric spatial memory performance in young children: Insights into the development of episodic memory

  • Ribordy Lambert, Farfalla Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Development, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Lavenex, Pierre Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Development, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Laboratory for Experimental Research on Behavior, Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
  • Lavenex, Pamela Banta Laboratory for Experimental Research on Behavior, Institute of Psychology, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
    01.03.2017
Published in:
  • Developmental Psychobiology. - 2017, vol. 59, no. 2, p. 185–196
English Allocentric spatial memory, “where” with respect to the surrounding environment, is one of the three fundamental components of episodic memory: what, where, when. Whereas basic allocentric spatial memory abilities are reliably observed in children after 2 years of age, coinciding with the offset of infantile amnesia, the resolution of allocentric spatial memory acquired over repeated trials improves from 2 to 4 years of age. Here, we first show that single-trial allocentric spatial memory performance improves in children from 3.5 to 7 years of age, during the typical period of childhood amnesia. Second, we show that large individual variation exists in children's performance at this age. Third, and most importantly, we show that improvements in single-trial allocentric spatial memory performance are due to an increasing ability to spatially and temporally separate locations and events. Such improvements in spatial and temporal processing abilities may contribute to the gradual offset of childhood amnesia.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Médecine
Language
  • English
Classification
Biology
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/305484
Statistics

Document views: 8 File downloads:
  • lav_wws.pdf: 3