Journal article

Brain networks modulated by subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation

  • Accolla, Ettore A. Department of Neurology, Charite´ University Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany - Neurology Unit, Medicine Department, HFR Cantonal Hospital and Faculty of Sciences, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Ruiz, Maria Herrojo Department of Neurology, Charite´ University Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany - Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, UK
  • Horn, Andreas Department of Neurology, Charite´ University Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany
  • Schneider, Gerd-Helge Department of Neurosurgery, Charite´ University Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany
  • Schmitz-Hübsch, Tanja Department of Neurology, Charite´ University Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany
  • Draganski, Bogdan LREN - Département des neurosciences cliniques, CHUV, Universite´ de Lausanne, Switzerland - Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Science, Leipzig, Germany
  • Kühn, Andrea A. Department of Neurology, Charite´ University Medicine Berlin, Campus Virchow, Berlin, Germany - Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany - NeuroCure Clinical Research Center, Charite´ - Universitä tsmedizin Berlin, Germany - DZNE, Berlin, Germany
Show more…
    01.09.2016
Published in:
  • Brain. - 2016, vol. 139, no. 9, p. 2503–2515
English Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus is an established treatment for the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Given the frequent occurrence of stimulation- induced affective and cognitive adverse effects, a better understanding about the role of the subthalamic nucleus in non-motor functions is needed. The main goal of this study is to characterize anatomical circuits modulated by subthalamic deep brain stimulation, and infer about the inner organization of the nucleus in terms of motor and non-motor areas. Given its small size and anatomical intersubject variability, functional organization of the subthalamic nucleus is difficult to investigate in vivo with current methods. Here, we used local field potential recordings obtained from 10 patients with Parkinson’s disease to identify a subthalamic area with an analogous electrophysiological signature, namely a predominant beta oscillatory activity. The spatial accuracy was improved by identifying a single contact per macroelectrode for its vicinity to the electrophysiological source of the beta oscillation. We then conducted whole brain probabilistic tractography seeding from the previously identified contacts, and further described connectivity modifications along the macroelectrode’s main axis. The designated subthalamic ‘beta’ area projected predominantly to motor and premotor cortical regions additional to connections to limbic and associative areas. More ventral subthalamic areas showed predominant connectivity to medial temporal regions including amygdala and hippocampus. We interpret our findings as evidence for the convergence of different functional circuits within subthalamic nucleus’ portions deemed to be appropriate as deep brain stimulation target to treat motor symptoms in Parkinson’s disease. Potential clinical implications of our study are illustrated by an index case where deep brain stimulation of estimated predominant non-motor subthalamic nucleus induced hypomanic behaviour.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Médecine 3ème année
Language
  • English
Classification
Biology
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/305367
Statistics

Document views: 11 File downloads:
  • acc_bnm.pdf: 1