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Early farmers from across Europe directly descended from Neolithic Aegeans

  • Hofmanová, Zuzana Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
  • Kreutzer, Susanne Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
  • Hellenthal, Garrett Department of Genetics, Evolution, and Environment, University College London, United Kingdom
  • Sell, Christian Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
  • Diekmann, Yoan Department of Genetics, Evolution, and Environment, University College London, United Kingdom
  • Díez-del-Molino, David Department of Genetics, Evolution, and Environment, University College London, United Kingdom
  • Dorp, Lucy van Department of Genetics, Evolution, and Environment, University College London, United Kingdom
  • López, Saioa Department of Genetics, Evolution, and Environment, University College London, United Kingdom
  • Kousathanas, Athanasios Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Link, Vivian Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Kirsanow, Karola Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
  • Cassidy, Lara M. Molecular Population Genetics, Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
  • Martiniano, Rui Molecular Population Genetics, Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
  • Strobel, Melanie Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
  • Scheu, Amelie Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
  • Kotsakis, Kostas Faculty of Philosophy, School of History and Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Halstead, Paul Department of Archaeology, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom
  • Triantaphyllou, Sevi Faculty of Philosophy, School of History and Archaeology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
  • Kyparissi-Apostolika, Nina Honorary Ephor of Antiquities, Hellenic Ministry of Culture & Sports, Athens, Greece
  • Urem-Kotsou, Dushka Department of History and Ethnology, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece
  • Ziota, Christina Ephorate of Antiquities of Florina, Hellenic Ministry of Culture & Sports, Athens, Greece
  • Adaktylou, Fotini Ephorate of Antiquities of Chalkidiki and Mount Athos, Hellenic Ministry of Culture & Sports, Athens, Greece
  • Gopalan, Shyamalika Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, USA
  • Bobo, Dean M. Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, USA
  • Winkelbach, Laura Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
  • Blöcher, Jens Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
  • Unterländer, Martina Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
  • Leuenberger, Christoph Department of Mathematics, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Çilingiroğlu, Çiler Department of Protohistory and Near Eastern Archeology, Faculty of Letters, Ege University, Izmir, Turkey
  • Horejs, Barbara Institute of Oriental and European Archaeology, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria
  • Gerritsen, Fokke Netherlands Institute in Turkey, Istanbul, Turkey
  • Shennan, Stephen J. Institute of Archaeology, University College London, United Kingdom
  • Bradley, Daniel G. Molecular Population Genetics, Smurfit Institute of Genetics, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
  • Currat, Mathias Anthropology Unit, Department of Genetics & Evolution, University of Geneva, Switzerland
  • Veeramah, Krishna R. Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New York, USA
  • Wegmann, Daniel Department of Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Thomas, Mark G. Department of Genetics, Evolution, and Environment, University College London, United Kingdom
  • Papageorgopoulou, Christina Laboratory of Anthropology, Department of History and Ethnology, Democritus University of Thrace, Komotini, Greece
  • Burger, Joachim Palaeogenetics Group, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
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    21.06.2016
Published in:
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. - 2016, vol. 113, no. 25, p. 6886–6891
English Farming and sedentism first appeared in southwestern Asia during the early Holocene and later spread to neighboring regions, including Europe, along multiple dispersal routes. Conspicuous uncertainties remain about the relative roles of migration, cultural diffusion, and admixture with local foragers in the early Neolithization of Europe. Here we present paleogenomic data for five Neolithic individuals from northern Greece and northwestern Turkey spanning the time and region of the earliest spread of farming into Europe. We use a novel approach to recalibrate raw reads and call genotypes from ancient DNA and observe striking genetic similarity both among Aegean early farmers and with those from across Europe. Our study demonstrates a direct genetic link between Mediterranean and Central European early farmers and those of Greece and Anatolia, extending the European Neolithic migratory chain all the way back to southwestern Asia.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Biologie
Language
  • English
Classification
Archeology
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/305066
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