Journal article

Order parameter, correlation functions, and fidelity susceptibility for the BCS model in the thermodynamic limit

  • Araby, Omar El Department of Physics, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands
  • Baeriswyl, Dionys Department of Physics, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - International Institute of Physics, Natal-RN, Brazil
Published in:
  • Physical Review B. - 2014, vol. 89, no. 13, p. 134521
English The exact ground state of the reduced BCS Hamiltonian is investigated numerically for large system sizes and compared with the BCS ansatz. A “canonical” order parameter is found to be equal to the largest eigenvalue of Yang's reduced density matrix in the thermodynamic limit. Moreover, the limiting values of the exact analysis agree with those obtained for the BCS ground state. Exact results for the ground-state energy, level occupations, and a pseudospin-pseudospin correlation function are also found to converge to the BCS values already for relatively small system sizes. However, discrepancies persist for a pair-pair correlation function, for interlevel correlations of occupancies and for the fidelity susceptibility, even for large system sizes where these quantities have visibly converged to well-defined limits. Our results indicate that there exist nonperturbative corrections to the BCS predictions in the thermodynamic limit.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Physique
  • English
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