Journal article

Imaging magnetic scalar potentials by laser-induced fluorescence from bright and dark atoms

  • Fescenko, Ilja Physics Department, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Institute of Atomic Physics and Spectroscopy, University of Latvia, Riga, Latvia
  • Weis, Antoine Physics Department, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Published in:
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics. - 2014, vol. 47, no. 23, p. 235001
English We present a spectroscopic method for mapping two-dimensional distributions of magnetic field strengths (magnetic scalar potential lines) using charge-coupled device (CCD) recordings of the fluorescence patterns emitted by spin-polarized Cs vapour in a buffer gas exposed to inhomogeneous magnetic fields. The method relies on the position-selective destruction of spin polarization by magnetic resonances induced by multi-component oscillating magnetic fields, such that magnetic potential lines can be directly detected by the CCD camera. We also present a generic algebraic model allowing for the calculation of the fluorescence patterns and find excellent agreement with the experimental observations for three distinct inhomogeneous field topologies. The spatial resolution obtained with these proof-of-principle experiments is of the order of 1 mm. A substantial increase of spatial and magnetic field resolution is expected by deploying the method in a magnetically shielded environment.
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