Journal article

Non-equilibrium dynamics of Gaudin models

  • Barmettler, Peter Department of Theoretical Physics, University of Geneva, Switzerland
  • Fioretto, Davide Physics Department, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Gritsev, Vladimir Physics Department, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    01.10.2013
Published in:
  • EPL (Europhysics Letters). - 2014, vol. 104, no. 1, p. 10004
English In classical mechanics the theory of non-linear dynamics provides a detailed framework for the distinction between near-integrable and chaotic systems. Quite in opposition, in quantum many-body theory no generic microscopic principle at the origin of complex dynamics is known. Here we show that the non-equilibrium dynamics of homogeneous Gaudin models can be fully described by underlying classical Hamiltonian equations of motion. The original Gaudin system remains fully quantum and thus cannot exhibit chaos, but the underlying classical description can be analyzed using the powerful tools of the classical theory of motion. We specifically apply this strategy to the Tavis-Cummings model for quantum photons interacting with an ensemble of two-level systems. We show that scattering in the classical phase space can drive the quantum model close to thermal equilibrium. Interestingly, this happens in the fully quantum regime, where physical observables do not show any dynamic chaotic behavior.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences
Department
Physique
Language
  • English
Classification
Physics
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/303627
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