Journal article

Dynamically generated reduction of the mean photon number in the Dicke model

  • Tomka, Michael Physics Department, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Baeriswyl, Dionys Physics Department, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Gritsev, Vladimir Physics Department, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Published in:
  • Physical Review A. - 2014, vol. 88, no. 5, p. 053801
English We study the dynamics of a driven Dicke model, where the collective spin is rotated with a constant velocity around a fixed axis. The time evolution of the mean photon number and of the atomic inversion is calculated using, on the one hand, a numerical technique for the quantum dynamics of a small number of two-level atoms and, on the other hand, time-dependent mean-field theory for the limit of a large number of atoms. We observe a reduction in the mean photon number compared to its equilibrium value. This dynamically generated darkness is particularly pronounced slightly above the transition to a superradiant phase. We attribute the effect to a slowing-down of the motion in the classical limit of a large ensemble and to an interplay of dynamic and geometric phases in the quantum case.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Physique
  • English
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