Journal article

Efficacy of Humanized Carbapenem and Ceftazidime Regimens against Enterobacteriaceae Producing OXA-48 Carbapenemase in a Murine Infection Model

  • Wiskirchen, Dora E. University of Saint Joseph, School of Pharmacy, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
  • Nordmann, Patrice Emerging Antibiotic Resistance, INSERM U914, K. Bicêtre, France - Medical and Molecular Microbiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Science, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Crandon, Jared L. Center for Anti-Infective Research and Development, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
  • Nicolau, David P. Center for Anti-Infective Research and Development, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, USA - Division of Infectious Diseases, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
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  • Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. - 2014, vol. 58, no. 3, p. 1678–1683
English Enterobacteriaceae producing the OXA-48 carbapenemase are emerging worldwide, leaving few treatment options. Efficacy has been demonstrated in vivo with ceftazidime against a ceftazidime-susceptible OXA-48 isolate but not with imipenem despite maintaining susceptibility. The relationship between phenotype and in vivo efficacy was assessed for OXA-48 producers using humanized regimens of 2 g doripenem every 8 h (q8h; 4 h infusion), 1 g ertapenem q24h, 2 g ceftazidime q8h (2 h inf), and 500 mg levofloxacin q24h. Each regimen was evaluated over 24 h against an isogenic pair (wild-type and OXA-48 Klebsiella pneumoniae strains) and six clinical OXA-48 isolates with and without other extended-spectrum β-lactamases in immunocompetent and neutropenic murine thigh infection models. Efficacy was determined using the change in bacterial density versus 24-h growth controls in immunocompetent studies and 0-h controls in neutropenic studies. Bacterial reductions of ≥1 log CFU were observed with all agents for the wild-type strain. Consistent with low MICs, ceftazidime and levofloxacin exhibited efficacy against the isogenic OXA-48 strain, whereas doripenem did not, despite having a susceptible MIC; no activity was observed with ertapenem, consistent with a resistant MIC. Similar trends were observed for the clinical isolates evaluated. Ceftazidime, levofloxacin, and ertapenem efficacy against isogenic and clinical OXA-48-producing strains correlated well with phenotypic profiles and pharmacodynamic targets, whereas efficacy with doripenem was variable over the MIC range studied. These data suggest that carbapenems may not be a reliable treatment for treating OXA-48 producers and add to previous observations with KPC and NDM-1 suggesting that genotype may better predict activity of the carbapenems than the phenotypic profile.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Médecine 3ème année
  • English
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