Conference paper (in proceedings)

Structural network properties of niche-overlap graphs

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  • 2013 International Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet-Based Systems. - 2013, p. 478–482
English The structure of networks has always been interesting for researchers. Investigating their unique architecture allows to capture insights and to understand the function and evolution of these complex systems. Ecological networks such as food-webs and niche-overlap graphs are considered as complex systems. The main purpose of this work is to compare the topology of 15 real niche-overlap graphs with random ones. Five measures are treated in this study: (1) the clustering coefficient, (2) the between ness centrality, (3) the assortativity coefficient, (4) the modularity and (5) the number of chord less cycles. Significant differences between real and random networks are observed. Firstly, we show that niche-overlap graphs display a higher clustering and a higher modularity compared to random networks. Moreover we find that random networks have barely nodes that belong to a unique sub graph (i.e. between ness centrality equal to 0) and highlight the presence of a small number of chord less cycles compared to real networks. These analyses may provide new insights in the structure of these real niche-overlap graphs and may give important implications on the functional organization of species competing for some resources and on the dynamics of these systems.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Biologie
  • English
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