Journal article

Expression of oleosin and perilipins in yeast promote formation of lipid droplets from the endoplasmatic reticulum

  • Jacquier, Nicolas University of Fribourg, Department of Biology, Division of Biochemistry, Switzerland
  • Mishra, Shirish University of Fribourg, Department of Biology, Division of Biochemistry, Switzerland
  • Choudhary, Vineet University of Fribourg, Department of Biology, Division of Biochemistry, Switzerland
  • Schneiter, Roger University of Fribourg, Department of Biology, Division of Biochemistry, Switzerland
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    04.09.2013
Published in:
  • Journal of Cell Science. - 2013, vol. 126, no. 22, p. 5198-5209
English Most cells store neutral lipids in a dedicated compartment, the lipid droplet (LD). These LDs are structurally and functionally conserved across species. In higher eukaryotes, LDs are covered by abundant scaffolding proteins, such as the oleosins in plants and perilipins (PLINs) in animal cells. S. cerevisiae, however, has no homologues of these scaffolding proteins. To analyze a possible function of these proteins in the biogenesis of LDs, oleosin and perilipin family members (PLIN1, ADRP/PLIN2, and TIP47/PLIN3) were expressed in yeast cells and their targeting to LDs, membrane association and function in neutral lipid homeostasis and LD biogenesis were analyzed. When expressed in wild-type cells, these proteins were properly targeted to LDs. However, when expressed in cells lacking LDs, oleosin was localized to the ER bilayer and was rapidly degraded. PLINs, on the other hand, did not localize to the ER membrane in the absence of LDs and lost their membrane association. Photobleaching experiments revealed that PLIN2 and PLIN3 rapidly exchanged their LD association but PLINs did not move over the LD surface as quickly as did an integral membrane protein, such as oleosin. Interestingly, expression of these scaffolding LD proteins in mutant cells containing elevated levels of neutral lipids within the ER bilayer resulted in the formation of LDs. These results suggest that these LD scaffolding proteins promote the sequestration of neutral lipids from the ER bilayer and thereby induce LD formation. Consistent with this proposition, addition of a cell permeable diacylglycerol (DAG) was sufficient to promote LD formation in cells expressing the LD scaffolding proteins but lacking the capacity to synthesize storage lipids.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Biologie
Language
  • English
Classification
Biological sciences
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/303227
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