Journal article

Atomic magnetic resonance induced by amplitude-, frequency-, or polarization-modulated light

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  • Physical Review A. - 2013, vol. 88, no. 1, p. 012508
English In recent years diode laser sources have become widespread and reliable tools in magneto-optical spectroscopy. In particular, laser-driven atomic magnetometers have found a wide range of practical applications. More recently, so-called magnetically silent variants of atomic magnetometers have been developed. While in conventional magnetometers the magnetic resonance transitions between atomic sublevels are phase-coherently driven by a weak oscillating magnetic field, silent magnetometers use schemes in which either the frequency or the amplitude of the light beam is modulated. Here we present a theoretical model that yields algebraic expressions for the parameters of the multiple resonances that occur when either amplitude-, frequency-, or polarization-modulated light of circular polarization is used to drive the magnetic resonance transition in a transverse magnetic field. The relative magnitudes of the resonances that are observed in the transmitted light intensity at harmonic m of the Larmor frequency ωL (either by DC or phase sensitive detection at harmonics q of the modulation frequency ωmod) of the transmitted light are expressed in terms of the Fourier coefficients of the modulation function. Our approach is based on an atomic multipole moment representation that is valid for spin-oriented atomic states with arbitrary angular momentum F in the low light power limit. We find excellent quantitative agreement with an experimental case study using (square-wave) amplitude-modulated light.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Physique
  • English
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