Journal article

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High rate of faecal carriage of extended-spectrum β-lactamase and OXA-48 carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae at a University hospital in Morocco

  • Girlich, D. INSERM U914 Emerging Resistance to Antibiotics, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Faculté de Médecine et Université Paris Sud, France
  • Bouihat, N. Service de Microbiologie de l'Hôpital International Cheikh Zayed, Rabat, Morocco
  • Poirel, Laurent INSERM U914 Emerging Resistance to Antibiotics, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Faculté de Médecine et Université Paris Sud, France - Medical and Molecular Microbiology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Benouda, A. Service de Microbiologie de l'Hôpital International Cheikh Zayed, Rabat, Morocco
  • Nordmann, Patrice INSERM U914 Emerging Resistance to Antibiotics, Hôpital de Bicêtre, Faculté de Médecine et Université Paris Sud, France - Medical and Molecular Microbiology Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
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    09.08.2013
Published in:
  • Clinical Microbiology and Infection. - 2013
English Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae isolates are being increasingly reported, particularly from countries surrounding the Mediterranean area. We aimed to quantify the prevalence of carbapenemase- and extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae in rectal swabs from hospitalized patients in a University hospital in Morocco, and to compare the performance of three screening media: ChromID ESBL (bioMérieux), Brilliance CRE (OXOID, Thermofisher) and SUPERCARBA (home made). Genetic detection and plasmid analysis were performed by PCR and sequencing. Strain comparison was performed by multi-locus sequence typing and the Diversilab technique (bioMérieux). The prevalence of multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae was high, with 33 ESBL producers (42.85%, mainly CTX-M-15) and 10 OXA-48 producers (13%), corresponding to two major clones of K. pneumoniae (70%) and a clone of Enterobacter cloacae (30%). The three screening media showed the same sensitivity for detection of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae, whereas the SUPERCARBA medium was more specific than the two other media. The average faecal carriage of ESBL or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae varied from 1 × 102 to >1 × 108 CFU/g of stools. This study shows a high prevalence of multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, and particularly of OXA-48 producers. The new carbapenem-containing medium, SUPERCARBA, was as sensitive as Brilliance CRE and ChromID ESBL, and more specific for the detection of Enterobacteriaceae expressing those carbapenemases.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Médecine 3ème année
Language
  • English
Classification
Clinical medicine
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/303109
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