Journal article

The Upper Aptian to Lower Albian syn-rift carbonate succession of the southern Maestrat Basin (Spain): Facies architecture and fault-controlled stratabound dolostones

  • Martín-Martín, J.D. Departament de Petrologia, Geoquímica i Prospecció Geològica, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain - Group of Dynamics of the Lithosphere, Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain - ExxonMobil (FC)2 Alliance_Fundamental Controls on Flow in Carbonates, USA
  • Gomez-Rivas, E. Department of Geosciences, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, Germany - Departament de Geologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain - ExxonMobil (FC)2 Alliance_Fundamental Controls on Flow in Carbonates, USA
  • Bover-Arnal, Telm Département de Géosciences, Université de Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Travé, A. Departament de Petrologia, Geoquímica i Prospecció Geològica, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain - ExxonMobil (FC)2 Alliance_Fundamental Controls on Flow in Carbonates, USA
  • Salas, Ramon Departament de Petrologia, Geoquímica i Prospecció Geològica, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain - ExxonMobil (FC)2 Alliance_Fundamental Controls on Flow in Carbonates, USA
  • Moreno-Bedmar, Josep A. Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico
  • Tomás, Sara Institut für Erd- und Umweltwissenschaften, Potsdam Germany
  • Corbella, M. Departament de Geologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain - ExxonMobil (FC)2 Alliance_Fundamental Controls on Flow in Carbonates, USA
  • Teixell, A. Departament de Geologia, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain - ExxonMobil (FC)2 Alliance_Fundamental Controls on Flow in Carbonates, USA
  • Vergés, J. Group of Dynamics of the Lithosphere, Institute of Earth Sciences Jaume Almera (ICTJA-CSIC), Barcelona, Spain
  • Stafford, S.L. ExxonMobil Upstream Research Company, Houston, USA - ExxonMobil (FC)2 Alliance_Fundamental Controls on Flow in Carbonates, USA
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    04.02.2013
Published in:
  • Cretaceous Research. - 2013, vol. 41, p. 217-236
English Syn-rift shallow-marine carbonates of Late Aptian to Early Albian age in the southern Maestrat Basin (E Spain) register the thickest Aptian sedimentary record of the basin, and one of the most complete carbonate successions of this age reported in the northern Tethyan margin. The host limestones (Benassal Formation) are partially replaced by dolostones providing a new case study of fault-controlled hydrothermal dolomitization. The syn-rift sediments filled a graben controlled by normal basement faults. The Benassal Fm was deposited in a carbonate ramp with scarce siliciclastic input. The lithofacies are mainly characterized by the presence of orbitolinid foraminifera, corals and rudist bivalves fauna. The succession is stacked in three transgressive–regressive sequences (T–R) bounded by surfaces with sequence stratigraphic significance. The third sequence, which is reported for the first time in the basin, is formed by fully marine lithofacies of Albian age and represents the marine equivalent to the continental deposits of the Escucha Fm in the rest of the basin.The dolomitization of the host rock is spatially associated with the basement faults, and thus is fault-controlled. The dolostone forms seismic-scale stratabound tabular geobodies that extend several kilometres away from the fault zones, mostly in the hanging wall blocks, and host Mississippi Valley Type (MVT) deposits. The dolostones preferentially replaced middle to inner ramp grain-dominated facies from the third T–R sequences consisting of bioclastic packestones and peloidal grainstones. Field and petrology data indicate that the replacement took place after early calcite cementation and compaction, most likely during the Late Cretaceous post-rift stage of the basin. The dolostone registers the typical hydrothermal paragenesis constituted by the host limestone replacement, dolomite cementation and sulfide MVT mineralization. The Aptian succession studied provides a stratigraphic framework that can be used for oil exploration in age-equivalent rocks, especially in the València Trough, offshore Spain. Moreover, this new case study constitutes a world class outcrop analogue for similar partially stratabound, dolomitized limestone reservoirs worldwide.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Géosciences
Language
  • English
Classification
Paleontology
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/302954
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