Journal article

Three-dimensional flow of colloidal glasses

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  • Journal of Rheology. - 2012, vol. 56, no. 2, p. 259
English Recent experiments performed on a variety of soft glassy materials have demonstrated that any imposed shear flow serves to simultaneously fluidize these systems in all spatial directions [Ovarlez et al., Nature Mater. 9, 115–119 (2010)]. When probed with a second shear flow, the viscous response of the experimental system is determined by the rate of the primary, fluidizing flow. Motivated by these findings, we employ a recently developed schematic mode-coupling theory [Brader et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 15186–15191 (2009)] to investigate the three-dimensional flow of a colloidal glass, subject to a combination of simple shear and uniaxial compression. Despite differences in the specific choice of superposed flow, the flow curves obtained show a good qualitative agreement with the experimental findings and recover the observed power-law describing the decay of the scaled viscosity as a function of the dominant rate. We, then, proceed to perform a more formal analysis of our constitutive equation for different kind of “mixed” flows consisting of a dominant primary flow subject to a weaker perturbing flow. Our study provides further evidence that the theory of Brader et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 106, 15186–15191 (2009) reliably describes the dynamic arrest and mechanical fluidization of dense particulate suspensions.
Faculté des sciences
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