Journal article

Double L₃M ionization of Pd induced by impact with medium-energy electrons

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  • Physical Review A: atomic, molecular and optical physics. - 2011, vol. 83, no. 2, p. 022708
English The electron-induced L₃M two-step double ionization cross sections of metallic Pd were determined experimentally for incident electron beam energies ranging from the double ionization threshold up to 18 keV. The double L₃M ionization cross sections were derived from the intensity ratios (ILαM:I) of the resolved M satellites to the parent diagram lines. The sample was bombarded with monoenergetic electrons from an energy-tunable 20-kV electron gun. The diagram and M-satellite x-ray lines were measured by means of high-resolution x-ray spectroscopy, using a reflection-type von Hamos bent crystal spectrometer. The two-step partial cross sections were determined by subtracting from the measured total double ionization cross sections the contributions due to the shake process and L₁-L₃M4,5 Coster-Kronig transitions. Despite the thick target employed in the present study, the dependence of the two-step cross sections on the incoming electron energy could be derived using a target slice decomposition method. It is shown that the obtained energy dependence can be well reproduced by the semiempirical parametrization model of Pattard and Rost.
Faculté des sciences
  • English
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