Journal article

Double L₃M ionization of Pd induced by impact with medium-energy electrons

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  • Physical Review A: atomic, molecular and optical physics. - 2011, vol. 83, no. 2, p. 022708
English The electron-induced L₃M two-step double ionization cross sections of metallic Pd were determined experimentally for incident electron beam energies ranging from the double ionization threshold up to 18 keV. The double L₃M ionization cross sections were derived from the intensity ratios (ILαM:I) of the resolved M satellites to the parent diagram lines. The sample was bombarded with monoenergetic electrons from an energy-tunable 20-kV electron gun. The diagram and M-satellite x-ray lines were measured by means of high-resolution x-ray spectroscopy, using a reflection-type von Hamos bent crystal spectrometer. The two-step partial cross sections were determined by subtracting from the measured total double ionization cross sections the contributions due to the shake process and L₁-L₃M4,5 Coster-Kronig transitions. Despite the thick target employed in the present study, the dependence of the two-step cross sections on the incoming electron energy could be derived using a target slice decomposition method. It is shown that the obtained energy dependence can be well reproduced by the semiempirical parametrization model of Pattard and Rost.
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Département de Physique
  • English
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