Journal article

+ 1 other files

Motor axonal sprouting and neuromuscular junction loss in an animal model of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

  • Ang, Eng-Tat Department of Medicine/Unit of Anatomy, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Schafer, Ralf Department of Physiology II, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bonn, Germany
  • Baltensperger, Richard Ecole d'ingenieurs et d'architectes de Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Wernig, Anton Department of Physiology II, Faculty of Medicine, University of Bonn, Germany
  • Celio, Marco R. Department of Medicine/Unit of Anatomy, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Sancho Oliver, Sara Department of Medicine/Unit of Anatomy, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Show more…
    2010
Published in:
  • Journal of Neuropathology & Experimental Neurology. - 2010, vol. 69, no. 3, p. 281-293
English Muscle weakness in Charcot-Marie-Tooth Type 1A disease (CMT1A) caused by mutations in peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) has been attributed to an axonopathy that results in denervation and muscle atrophy. The underlying pathophysiological mechanisms involved are not understood. We investigated motor performance, neuromuscular junctions (NMJs), physiological parameters, and muscle morphometry of PMP22 transgenic mice. Neuromuscular junctions were progressively lost in hindlimb muscles of PMP22 transgenic mice, but their motor performance did not completely deteriorate during the observation period. There was considerable variability, including in laterality, in deficits among the animals. Cross-sectional areas and mean fiber size measurements indicated variable myofiber atrophy in hindlimb muscles. There was substantial concomitant axonal sprouting, and loss of neuromuscular junctions was inversely correlated with the accumulated length of axonal branches. Synaptic transmission studied in isolated nerve/muscle preparations indicated variable partial muscle denervation. Acetylcholine sensitivity was higher in the mutant muscles, and maximum tetanic force evoked by direct or indirect stimulation, specific force, and wet weights were markedly reduced in some mutant muscles. In summary, there is partial muscle denervation, and axons may retain some regenerative capacity but fail to reinnervate muscles in PMP22 transgenic mice.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Médecine
Language
  • English
Classification
Biology
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/301840
Other files

Statistics

Document views: 4 File downloads:
  • cel_mas.pdf: 2
  • cel_mas_sm.pdf: 0