Journal article

Synthesis, electrical properties, and nanocomposites of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) nanorods

  • Mendez, James D. Adolphe Merkle Institute and Fribourg Center for Nanomaterials, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, USA
  • Weder, Christoph Adolphe Merkle Institute and Fribourg Center for Nanomaterials, University of Fribourg, Switzerland - Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, USA
    2010
Published in:
  • Polymer Chemistry. - 2010, vol. 1, no. 8, p. 1237-1244
English Cellulose nanofibers or “whiskers” derived from tunicates were coated with PEDOT:PSS to produce high-aspect-ratio nanorods with high electrical conductivity. Films made from these PEDOT:PSS whiskers have surface resistivities as low as 97 Ω/□. The nanorods were found to disperse well in polar organic solvents such as dimethylformamide, which allowed the fabrication of nanocomposites with inert host polymers such as poly(methyl methacrylate) and polystyrene. These materials display surface resistivities as low as 760 Ω/□. Due to the high aspect ratio of the PEDOT:PSS-coated whiskers (64) and the formation of well-dispersed whisker networks within the polymer matrices, these materials display a percolation threshold as low as ∼2% v/v. Using a sol–gel process, electrically conducting gels and aerogels with a density of 6.4 mg cm⁻³ and a surface resistivity of ∼200 kΩ/□ were also produced.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences
Department
Adolphe Merkle Institute
Language
  • English
Classification
Physics
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/301624
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