Journal article

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Pentatricopeptide repeat proteins in Trypanosoma brucei function in mitochondrial ribosomes

  • Pusnik, Mascha Department of Biology/Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Small, Ian ARC Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Perth, Australia
  • Read, Laurie K. Department Microbiology and Immunology, SUNY Buffalo School of Medicine, Buffalo, New York, USA
  • Fabbro, Thomas Department of Biology/Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Schneider, André Department of Biology/Cell and Developmental Biology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
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    23.07.2007
Published in:
  • Molecular and Cellular Biology. - 2007, vol. 27, no. 19, p. 6876-6888
English The pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR), a degenerate 35-amino-acid motif, defines a novel eukaryotic protein family. Plants have 400 to 500 distinct PPR proteins, whereas other eukaryotes generally have fewer than 5. The few PPR proteins that have been studied have roles in organellar gene expression, probably via direct interaction with RNA. Here we show that the parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei encodes 28 distinct PPR proteins, an extraordinarily high number for a nonplant organism. A comparative analysis shows that seven out of eight selected PPR proteins are mitochondrially localized and essential for oxidative phosphorylation. Six of these are required for the stabilization of mitochondrial rRNAs and, like ribosomes, are associated with the mitochondrial membranes. Furthermore, one of the PPR proteins copurifies with the large subunit rRNA. Finally, ablation of all of the PPR proteins that were tested induces degradation of the other PPR proteins, indicating that they function in concert. Our results show that a significant number of trypanosomal PPR proteins are individually essential for the maintenance and/or biogenesis of mitochondrial rRNAs.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Biologie
Language
  • English
Classification
Biology, life sciences
License
License undefined
Identifiers
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/300434
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