Journal article

Endothelial arginase: a new target in atherosclerosis

  • Yang, Zhihong Vascular Biology, Department of Medicine, Division of Physiology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
  • Ming, Xiu-Fen Vascular Biology, Department of Medicine, Division of Physiology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
    2006
Published in:
  • Current Hypertension Reports. - 2006, vol. 8, no. 1, p. 54-59
English Decreased endothelial nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability as it relates to endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in various cardiovascular disorders, including athero­sclerosis. Recent research has provided evidence that endothelial dysfunction in atherosclerosis is not primarily caused by decreased endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene expression, but rather deregulation of eNOS enzymatic activity, which contributes to the increased oxidative stress in atherosclerosis. Among other mechanisms, the substrate l-arginine is an important limiting factor for NO production. Emerging evidence demonstrates that l-arginine is not only converted to NO via eNOS, but also metabolized to urea and l-ornithine via arginase in endothelial cells. Hence, arginase competes with eNOS for the substrate l-arginine, resulting in deceased NO production. There are an increasing number of studies showing that enhanced arginase gene expression and/or activity contribute to endothelial dysfunction in various cardiovascular disorders, including atherosclerosis. Thus, endothelial arginase may represent a new therapeutic target in atherosclerosis.
Faculty
Faculté des sciences et de médecine
Department
Département de Médecine
Language
  • English
Classification
Medicine
License
License undefined
Identifiers
  • RERO DOC 6385
Persistent URL
https://folia.unifr.ch/unifr/documents/300065
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